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Shalom, Brothers and Sisters!

Above all, let us give all praises to Yah, for He is awakening His people daily to His truth!

The world has been out in full force preparing for its grandest of all pagan festivals, the greatest deception of their year: “Christmas.”

As the whirlwind of Christmas commercialism and all its other trappings begins to calm, I, for one, am thankful if only because my head can stop spinning with that repetitious din of Christmas songs, of people wishing me a “Merry Christmas.”

At one time or another, in our ignorance and with the best intentions, many of us, too, have partaken in the celebrations of this “holiday season.” I am presented often with opportunities to witness about this “grand pagan day” to brothers and sisters whose blinders have not yet been lifted.

A typical dialog might go like this:






Them: [At this point, they likely appear to be perplexed, but I press on.]






Them: NO.




Allow me to present information on the origins of Christmas and it’s true meaning. You may feel free to use this information in your witness to family, friends and others.

Christmas – Fact or Fallacy?
What is “the reason for the season?”

Christians observe two major holidays, or festivals, in honor of the birth and death of their god Jesus. These holidays are Christmas and Easter, with a subordinate holiday called “Good Friday.”

Christmas is celebrated during winter on December 25th. This day according to Christians is the birthday of their god. However, not one Scripture can be found showing us either that the Messiah was born on December 25, or that He even celebrated His birthday. In the ancient world, celebrating birthdays was a pagan practice:

Genesis 40:20 – And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants….

Matthew 14:6 – But when Herod’s birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

Mark 6:21 – And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee; […]

Throughout Scripture, birthday celebrations are mentioned only three times (in the above verses), with no mention pertaining to Yahoshua’s birthday.

The gospels focus primarily on one aspect of the circumstances surrounding Yahoshua’s birth: He was born through the womb of a virgin. If Christmas is of the Scriptures, why is there no mention of such a practice either during or after Yahoshua’s earthly mission? Scripture research from cover to cover will not reveal any such mention, so lets go to history and the days of the Romans, who are the founders of Christianity.

In a useful publication entitled, Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, 2nd edition, edited by Helene Henderson and Sue Ellen Thompson, it reads:

“Christmas December 25, the most popular of the Christian festivals, also known as the FEAST OF THE NATIVITY OF OUR LORD, Christmas (from Christ-Mass) celebrates the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. The exact date of Jesus birth is not known, and for more than three centuries, it was a movable feast often celebrated on EPIPHANY, JANUARY 6TH. The western church chose to observe it at the end of December, perhaps as a way of countering the various pre-Christian festivals celebrated around that time of year. Some believe that Pope Julius I fixed the date of Christmas at December 25 in the fourth century. The earliest reference to it is in the Philocclian Calendar of Rome in 336. Although the majority of Eastern orthodox churches have celebrated the Nativity on December 25 since the middle of the fifth century, those that still adhere to the old Julian calendar –– called old calendarist –– mark the occasion 13 days later. As a Holiday, Christmas represents a strange intermingling of both Christian and Pagan traditions it replaced. Many of the secular customs now associated with Christmas such as decorating with mistletoe, holly and ivy; indulging in excessive eating and drinking; stringing lights in trees; and exchanging gifts –– can be traced back to early pagan festivals like the saturnalia and ancient winter solstice rites. Another example is burning the Yule log, which was part of the a Pre Christian winter solstice rite celebrating the return of the sun in the middle of winter. Even the Christmas tree, a German custom introduced in Britain by Queen Victoria’s husband, Albert, can trace it’s history back to ancient times, when trees were worshiped as spirits.” (p..83) (emphasis added).

The Holman Bible Dictionary, CD-ROM edition under “Christmas:”

“No evidence remains about the exact date of the birth of Christ. The December 25 date was chosen as much for practical reasons as for theological ones. Throughout the Roman Empire, various festivals were held in conjunction with the winter solstice. In Rome, the Feast of the unconquerable sun celebrated the beginning of the return of the sun. When Christianity became the religion of the Empire, the church either had to suppress the festivals or transform them. The winter Solstice seemed an appropriate time to celebrate Christ’s birth. Thus the festival of the SUN became a festival of the SON, the light of the world.”

Christmas is not the true Scriptural Messiah’s birthday. Clearly, it is a pagan practice. The prophet JeremiYah (YeremiYahu) tells us about the celebration of the pagan practice that would later become known as “Christmas:”

JeremiYah 10:2 Thus saith YAH, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. 3 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax. 4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. 5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.

JeremiYah clearly described the pagan custom of the modern-day Christmas tree, explaining the practice to be something of which the Most High did not approve.

In verse 2 JeremiYah warned Yah’s people to not be dismayed at the signs of the heaven for the heathen are dismayed at them. The Christmas celebration as we just read is the same ancient pagan practice called “Saturnalia.” Saturnalia was a festival celebrated by many ancient cultures the world over. It was to commemorate the rebirth of the SUN.

In the northern hemisphere, winter solstice is the day of the year (near December 22) when the Sun is farthest from the Earth; it is the shortest day and the longest night of the year. The sun appears at its lowest point in the sky, and its noontime elevation appears to be the same for several days before and after the solstice. Hence the origin of the word solstice, which comes from the Latin solstitium, sol =sun and stitium = a stoppage (“solstice” means “sun stoppage” or “standing-still sun”).

Following the winter solstice, the days begin to grow longer and the nights shorter. The heathen became dismayed at the signs of heaven (sun) and, in turn, these sun worshippers created an entire festival based on this occurrence.

December 25 was a great pagan festival, that of SOL INVICTUS, which celebrated the victory of light over darkness, and the lengthening of the sun’s rays at the winter solstice. This assimilation of Christ to the sun god and sun of righteousness, was widespread in the fourth century and was fathered by the Roman Emperor Constantine’s legislation on Sunday, which is not unrelated to the fact that the sun god was the titular divinity of [Constantine’s] family. (Walker, A History of the Christian Church, 3d Ed., p.155.)

Roman Emperor Aurelian established December 25 as the birthday of the “Invincible Sun” in the third century as part of the Roman Winter Solstice celebrations. By the fourth century the western church leaders selected December 25 to represent the birthday of Jesus because this was the date recognized throughout the Roman Empire as the birthday of the sun god. January 6, celebrated as Epiphany in Christendom and linked with the visit of the Magi, was originally an Egyptian date for the winter solstice. Since there was no central Christian authority at the time, it took centuries before the tradition was universally accepted.

Eastern churches began to celebrate Christmas after 375 CE; the church in Jerusalem started in the 7th century; Ireland started in the 5th century; Austria, England and Switzerland in the 8th; Slavic lands in the 9th and 10th centuries. Because the pagans were sun worshipers, they understood the path the sun takes across the sky; but when the sun did not move for up to 3 days they became dismayed by this event. So, they created a festival to the sun god. This is an ancient practice that JeremiYah clearly tells us is not of Father Yah. Christmas is not the birthday of Yahoshua, the Scriptural Messiah. Rather, it is a pagan festival (and, hence, a vain custom) observed by Christians.

The practice of gift giving is also derived from the Roman winter solstice, or Saturnalia. The people would celebrate the solstice by having a grand feast and exchanging gifts with one another. Every practice comprising modern Christmas celebrations comes directly from ancient pagan sun-god worship.

What about the “Santa” myth?

“Have you considered that you could also be “burning” (sacrificing) your children today (though in a different manner) in your practice of Christmas, all the while sincerely endeavoring to “focus on Christ?”

Parents reason that they owe the whole Christmas myth to their children. Christmas traditions are focused primarily on children, as they are certainly the center of most of what happens. I know because I kept seventeen Christmases. My older sister and younger brother and I were the recipients of much and the givers of very little on that day – and it all began with the “Santa Claus” lie.

Some years ago, a priest in New Jersey told his Sunday school class that Santa was a myth. The outrage from parents and his supervisors was swift. He had “”killed Santa!” He had “destroyed family tradition!” He had “usurped family authority,” the article continued. He was officially censored by his superiors for being “overzealous and insensitive.” (The True Origins of Christmas / )

His crime? He told the truth.

According to Langer’s Encyclopedia of World History (article “Santa”), “Santa” was a common name for Nimrod throughout Asia Minor. This was also the name of the same fire god who came down the chimneys of the ancient pagans, the same fire god to whom ancient Israelites burned and ate their infants in human sacrifice (a practice they adopted from the pagans).

Washington Irving, in 1809, was responsible for remaking the original old, stern bishop, Saint Nicholas, into the new “jolly old St. Nick” in his Knickerbocker History of New York. (Most of the rest of America’s Christmas traditions are even more recent than this.) “Old Nick” has long been recognized as a term for the devil.

In Revelation 2:6 and 15, we read about a “”doctrine of the Nicolaitanes,”” which Christ twice tells His Church “[He] hates.”

Let’s analyze the word Nicolaitane. It means “”follower of Nicholas.” Nikos means “conqueror, destroyer.” Laos means, “people.” Nicolaitanes, then, are people who follow the conqueror or destroyer (Nimrod). If you have believed that following Christmas is an innocent Christian custom, let this truth sink in.

Is it Scriptural to exchange gifts?

Merchants regularly report that over 60 percent of their annual retail sales occur during the Christmas shopping season. This represents a tremendous amount of gift buying. Most people today believe that gift giving comes from the Scripture example of the “three wise men” (Scripture gives no number) presenting gifts to Messiah. Is this true? Where did exchanging gifts come from, and what does Yah’s Word say about it?

The Bibliotheca Sacra states, “The interchange of presents between friends is a like characteristic of Christmas and the Saturnalia, and must have been adopted by Christians from the pagans, as the admonition of Tertullian plainly shows” (Vol. 12, pp. 153-155).

Like every other aspect of Christmas, the shocking truth is that even this purported Christian custom does not come from the Scriptures. It is an irony that people love to believe they are following the custom of the wise men giving to Yahoshua, when actually they are giving almost exclusively to each other, as did the paganic keepers of Saturnalia.

Let’s briefly return to the “wise men” who gave gifts to Yahoshua. The Scripture describing this is Matthew 2:1-11:

1 Now when Yahoshua was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,

2 Saying, Where is He that is born King of Ysrayl? […]

11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down, and worshiped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto Him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.”

It is commonly assumed these were birthday presents for “baby Jesus.” But is this what the Scripture actually says? Absolutely not.

First, it is important to note that they did give the gifts to Yahoshua. They did not stand in His presence and exchange gifts among themselves or give them to others. The gifts were “presented unto Him.” Also, the wise men arrived well after Yahoshua’s “birthday.” This is another reason these could not have been “birthday presents.”

A long-standing, ancient custom of the East was to present gifts when coming before a king. These men understood they were in the presence of the “King of Ysrayl.” The Scriptures carry many examples of people sending gifts to kings or presenting them upon arrival into their presence. This custom is common today when ambassadors or others come into the presence of a world leader.

Finally, notice what the Adam Clarke Commentary states in Volume 5, p.6 about what really happened on this occasion:

Verse 11. They presented unto him gifts. The people of the east never approach the presence of kings and great personages, without a present in their hands. This custom is often noticed in the Old Testament, and still prevails in the east, and in some of the newly discovered South Seas Islands.” Gifts were customarily presented to kings.

1st Kings 10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of YAH, she came to prove him with hard questions.

2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.

10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

What could be more obvious?

The Origin of the Christmas Tree

No lesson about Christmas is complete without some explanation of the “Christmas tree.” We touched on it previously and expound on it here.

The modern practice involving the Christmas tree originated in Germany. The Germans got it from the Romans, who got it from the Babylonians and the Egyptians.

The following demonstrates what the Babylonians believe about the origin of the Christmas tree:

An old Babylonish fable told of an evergreen tree which sprang out of a dead tree stump. The old stump symbolized the dead Nimrod, the new evergreen tree symbolized that Nimrod had come to life again in Tammuz [Nimrod’s son through his incestuous relationship with his mother, Semiramis]! Among the Druids the oak was sacred, among the Egyptians it was the palm, and in Rome it was the fir, which was decorated with red berries during the Saturnalia! (Walsh, Curiosities of Popular Customs, p.242) (emphases added).

Did you know this – that the Christmas tree long preceded Christianity? Frederick J. Haskin’s Answers to Questions states, “The Christmas tree is from Egypt, and its origin dates from a period long anterior to the Christmas Era.”

Most aspects of Christmas are not referred to in Scripture. Of course, the reason is that they are not from YAH – they are not part of the way He wants people to worship Him.

In Deuteronomy 12:2-4 YAH plainly establishes an important directive:

2 You shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which you shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree:

3 And you shall overthrow their altars, […] and burn their groves with fire; […]

4 You shall not do so unto the YAH your Mighty One.

(emphasis added)

Notice YAH’s references to “every green tree” and “their groves.” There are at least ten similar verses throughout the Old Testament referring to “green trees” and their association with idolatry. Historians hold that the reference to the term “green” refers to green year-round – i.e., evergreen trees.

Other modern-day customs

Let’s more closely examine the actual history and origins of some of the other Saturnalia customs still practiced today.

Notice the following quote from the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, “Oscilla” (3rd Edition, Volume II):

[…A]ll ranks devoted themselves to feasting and mirth, presents were exchanged among friends, and crowds thronged the streets, shouting ‘‘Lo Saturnalia.’’ An offering was made beneath a decorated evergreen tree, according to the pagan poet, Virgil. Figurines and masks, called ‘‘oscilla,’’ were hung on the tree, as are Christmas decorations today. History admits […] there can be no doubt that we have in these ‘‘oscilla’’ a relic of human sacrifice […]

It all rings familiar – presents, singing in the streets, evergreen trees, decorations, offerings under the tree, merrymaking, feasting? They may sound wonderful, but they represent things that are truly abominable. They have gone as far as to make a song for the Christmas tree: “OH, CHRISTMAS TREE! OH, CHRISTMAS TREE! HOW LOVELY ARE THY BRANCHES…”.

There is no room in JeremiYah 10 or misinterpretation to believe, as some have tried to suggest, that because these trees are powerless in and of themselves, it is not really forbidden to have a Christmas tree. YAH forbids us to erect Christmas trees; He condemns this practice.

Our people have bought into something that is totally against the laws of YAH. Look at this article from a “black” Christian minister who displays his complete ignorance as to the meaning of Christmas:


Black Minister Says Blacks Should Celebrate Christmas and Reject KWANZAA


Los Angeles. “Black Christians should be outraged by recent attempts to stamp out Christianity from Christmas celebrations,” said Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson, founder and president of BOND (Brotherhood Organization of A New Destiny). There have been numerous reports from across the country of public school administrators and city officials attempting to ban nativity scenes, Christmas carols, candy canes, and even Christmas trees from public places. Yet, the ‘‘African’’ holiday KWANZAA has become accepted as mainstream. KWANZAA is taught in public schools, recognized by corporations, and even President George W. Bush issued a proclamation celebrating KWANZAA in 2002.

Rev. Peterson said: KWANZAA is an anti-God, anti-American, and anti-white holiday created by a black felon. KWANZAA only serves to further separate blacks from God and America. Black Christians should stop celebrating this pagan holiday – instead, they should stand up for Christmas. (emphasis added)

Observed from December 26 to January 1, KWANZAA was created in 1966 by Dr. Maulana “Ron” Karenga as a holiday to help blacks get in touch with their African roots. Karenga was also the head of United Slaves Organization, a Marxist black power group. In 1970, Karenga was arrested and charged with conspiracy and assault in the torture of two of his female followers. Karenga was convicted and served four years for the crime.

Rev. Peterson said: If black Christians don’t stand up for Christmas and reject KWANZAA, they are allowing evil to have its way. They will regret using a fake holiday to stamp out the true meaning of Christmas.

BOND is a nationally recognized religious nonprofit organization whose purpose is “Rebuilding the Family by Rebuilding the Man.” Founded in 1990, BOND has helped countless individuals and families from across the country overcome some of life’s most challenging problems.

* * *

This black minister of Satan says our people should stand up for Christmas and not pagan KWANZAA. This further demonstrates the ignorance that saturates Christian doctrine and customs.

Brothers and Sisters, Christmas, as we have learned, is not Scriptural, not of Yah but against HIM. Christmas is nothing but paganic through and through. Yah tells us clearly through JeremiYah to learn not the ways of the heathen. The origins of Christmas and all its related customs are satanic –another one of Satan’s “WHOLE-LIE-DAYS,” if I may – the roots of which are steeped in ancient pagan worship.

* * *

In closing, I would like to relate a personal story about a recent incident that occurred on my job. As we know, absent prayer, wisdom and determination, one can quickly become caught up in the pagan festivities around this time of year.

Coworkers and others are aware that I do not celebrate Christmas. Nonetheless, many continue to wish me a “merry Christmas” and try to give me gifts, food or holiday candy. Among my coworkers is a Christian minister to whom I had the opportunity to witness. I have given this brother information and books such as the Raw Gospel. Although he has been awakened to the fact that we are the true Israelites, knows Christmas is not the Messiah’s birthday, and knows that I do not celebrate Christmas, he, too, gave a gift to me – a CD with Christmas songs that he and his wife made! The righteousness within me wants to remove that CD from my locker on Monday, slide it under my size 13 boot and stomp it into as many pieces as I possibly can.

Brothers and Sisters, the pull can be strong; the lure of gifts, of “giving and receiving,” of “good food,” and “good cheer” can be very enticing. Yes, we must endure some of the world’s madness, but all the while we must determine to uphold YAH’S truths and not be overtaken by worldly ways.

Finally, if you are truly serious about not celebrating Christmas, simply DO NOT.

Do not partake of anything relating to this satanic day. The most obvious ways by which to take a stand is to refuse gifts and cards, to refrain from purchasing gifts and from putting up a tree and other decorations. Among the adversary’s more subtle tricks is to get us to partake of the Christmas feast. Be advised that we should not partake of it, as it is equivalent to food that has been sacrifice to idols. This day, a celebration for the pagan gentile god Jesus, has nothing to do with the true Messiyah, Yahoshua.

1ST Cor. 10:19 – What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to YAH: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

21 Ye cannot drink the cup of YAH, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of YAH’s table, and of the table of devils.

Permission is granted for printing and utilizing this lesson in its full context for forwarding to and teaching others.

Opening Remarks:
My sisters, I know this is very sensitive and difficult subject for many of us to address and accept. Like many of you, I have struggled over the issues of adultery and polygyny, and the seemingly unfair rules of marriage YAHWAH has created. But, listen to me good, YAH knows what He is doing. He is Elohym. This is His Word, His Rules and His Ways, and how dare we challenge or question the One who gives us life. I say to you, put aside all emotions and opinions and simply receive YAH’s word. Here are few things to keep in mind:
1. We must stop listening to the world’s wisdom, and heed YAH’s laws and wisdom. Ahbeenu will honor our obedience and the steps we take towards righteousness.
2. We must unlearn what the world and Babylon has taught us.
3. We must read exactly what scripture says and understand it as written. We are not to replace Scripture with our opinions and traditions.
4. Learn Torah. Learn what “thus says YAHWAH.” Willful ignorance of YAH’s word is not allowed at this hour.
5. Whether we like it or not, YAH’s word is very specific on certain subjects and often times, the rules are different for men and women, particularly on the issues of marriage, sex, adultery, etc.

Suggested Reading:
We Want For Our Sisters What We Want for Ourselves by Patricia Dixon (The book can be purchased from and other websites or bookstores. The book reveals that before European world domination, polygyny was practiced in over 80% of the world’s cultures. It has also been practiced throughout Western history and is even done so in contemporary American, however in ways that demoralize women and undermine relationships and families. As an alternative to living without men, Dr. Patricia Dixon proposes open and consensual polygyny or co-partnering for African American women and describes the experiences of those who are making it work)
Plural Marriage for Our Times: A Reinvented Option? By Philip L. Kilbride (The book can be purchased from and other websites or bookstores. Kilbride surveys several kinds of polygamy (polygyny, polyandry, group marriage) in various cultures, historical epochs, and religions. He then asks if some versions of plural marriage might be viable in our time. He explores these new varieties of “family” as he finds them in the United States among Mormons, African-Americans, and New Age spiritual communes. His comparisons with European and African practices shed light on the renewed possibility of security and care giving for our dependent generation who are at risk and who are suffering from fractured family relationships around the globe.)
What is Marriage?
Before we begin to talk about adultery, polygyny and fornication in terms of marriage, we must talk look at marriage according to the Torah.
Genesis 2:18 – YAH declares that it is not good for man to be alone and that he would make man a help meet.
Genesis 2:24 – YAHWAH declares that a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. This “one flesh” has spiritual and physical meaning. It means the actual act of intercourse. But, it also means that the two have become one in this entity called marriage. The couple is one spiritually, financially, emotionally, etc. Just as the many members of our single body, work together as one, so do the members of a marriage. As a unit, they are to serve YAHWAH and teach the fruit of their “one flesh” to serve the Most High. How this marriage occurs, can take on many forms as we will see in this study. To begin, we will use the union of Isaac and Rebekah to show the stages of marriage.
Genesis 24 tells the story of Isaac and Rebekah’s marriage. Several things happen in this story that bring us to through the engagement/betrothal, marriage and consummation of the marriage between Isaac and Rebekah
1. Avraham charges his servant with the task of going back to his homeland of Haran to find a wife for his son. Avraham does not want his son to marry one of the Canaanite women, because in Gen. 17 YAH had charged him to be a separate or set apart people. Avraham had no concern whether his servant would find a wife for Isaac or whether the woman would return with his servant. (Gen. 24:7-8)
2. Avraham’s servant made it to Haran and came upon a well, where women often came as a part of their daily chores. There he prayed that YAH would reveal the right woman through the sign he asked for and grant him success. The first woman who offered he and his camels water. before the servant had finished praying, Rebekah was at the well and met all the requirements of the sign. The servant learned that Rebekah was related to Avraham and Isaac, and gave her the nose ring and bracelets. (Gen. 24:11-27) The nose ring is a symbol of marriage proposal similar to the Western culture with rings for the finger. Nose rings were used in Hebrew culture and throughout many other Eastern cultures. (YAH even he gave Ysrael a nose ring. Read Ezekiel 16:9-14.)
3. Avraham’s servant is then taken to Rebekah’s family, where he shares his story and the meeting of Rebekah at the well. It is clear to all that it is YAH’s will for Rebekah to marry Isaac. Her father agrees and the bride price is paid for Rebekah. At this point, Isaac and Rebekah are engaged or betrothed to be married. (Gen. 24:28-59)
4. Avraham’s servant takes Rebekah and her handmaid (Rebekah’s gift from her father) back to Hebron for the marriage. Isaac and Rebekah meet and he takes her as his wife. This is the marriage. (A feast may or may not have occurred.) (Gen. 24:60-67)
5. Isaac not only takes Rebekah as his wife, but he takes her into his tent and loves her. This is the consummation of the marriage. (Gen. 24:67)
From this story, we learn that sex does not constitute marriage. (Later scriptures will also drive home this point.) Prior to meeting each other, Isaac and Rebekah were engage to be married. In Hebrew culture, a woman who is engaged to be married is not to be touched by any other man, or he causes her to commit adultery. Betrothal and marriage are the same. (We will discuss adultery in more detail later.)
Rebekah is taken to Isaac and he takes her as his wife. We can conclude that marriage has some form of betrothal period. The length of this period can vary. Isaac and Rebekah had a short betrothal, but if you look at the story of Jacob and Rachel and Leah in Genesis 29, you will see long periods of betrothal. Betrothal is marked by asking the woman’s family for permission to marry. (In our time, we see the man asking the woman.) Upon agreeing to a marriage contract, the bride price is paid. In this story, Avraham’s servant took 10 camels bearing gifts to give to Isaac’s future wife and her family.
Following the betrothal, we have a marriage and consummation. The marriage may or may not be marked by a wedding feast. Generally, we see a wedding feast of some sort.
Note: There is absolutely no scriptural requirement that you be married before a priest, preacher, or justice of the peace. There is no requirement that you obtain a marriage license. A marriage license is only relevant for Babylon’s purposes (i.e., insurance benefits, property division, etc.). If the two parties are truly under the authority of YAH, then a man after YAH’s heart will provide accordingly for his wife. In the end, we must give an account to YAH and not to the divorce court or this government.

What is Adultery?

Adultery – “voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than his or her lawful spouse.” Webster’s, American Heritage Dictionary,

How does Torah define adultery?

Adultery- (Hebrew word is na’aph (Strong’s #5003 – naw-af’ ) a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:–adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.

Plainly stated, Torah says that adultery occurs when a woman breaks her marriage or wedding contract. We will look at examples of when this breaking of the marriage contract occurred according to Torah. You will learn that adultery occurs when a man (married or unmarried) has sexual intercourse with a woman who was either married or betrothed to another man. (Note: Keep in mind that there is a physical and spiritual side of adultery and this is seen when you examine Exodus 20:14. Through this verse, one of the commandments, YAH is telling all of Ysrael to not be spiritually unfaithful to Him, as well as not to engage in physical adultery.)

Let’s consider the scriptures:

· Leviticus 20:10 – “And the man that committeth adultery with [another] man’s wife, [even he] that committeth adultery with his neighbour’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.”
· Deuteronomy 22:22 – “If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, [both] the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shalt thou put away evil from Israel.”
· Deuteronomy 22:23-24 – “If a damsel [that is] a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her; Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, [being] in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour’s wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.”

a. Here, we see that a married or unmarried man commits adultery if he has sexual intercourse with another man’s wife (as King David did with Bathsheba, wife of Uriah) and the woman also becomes an adulteress. This is true whether the woman is fully married (and the marriage has been consummated) or is simply betrothed (marriage, but not consummation).
b. These scriptures emphasis a big difference between Western and Hebrew marriages. In the Western culture, we are told that a husband and wife are joined to each other in this contract, but here we see that a woman is joined to a man in an exclusive contract. Hence, the biblical definition of adultery is a “woman who breaks wedlock (or her marriage contract).” This will become clearer as we go along.
Summary – Adultery can only be determined based on the marital status of the woman involved. So, what does this mean? Clearly, a married man does not commit adultery if he has sex with an unmarried woman. (Like it or not sisters, this is what Torah says.) However, he does commit the sin of fornication, which we will discuss next.

What is Fornication?
Fornication – “voluntary sexual intercourse between two unmarried persons or two persons not married to each other.” Webster’s, American Heritage Dictionary,
What is the Biblical definition of fornication:

zanah (Hebrew – Strong’s #2181) – “fornication”, “whoring”, “whore”, “harlot”, “play the harlot”, “whoredom”, and “go a whoring”.

· is used exclusively in the context of whoring, and occurred when a man (married or unmarried) had sexual intercourse with a woman other than his wife.
· A whore or harlot, in Biblical context, is a woman who engages in such sexual intercourse, including one who prostitutes her body for hire.
· Scriptural examples of zanah and prohibitions against certain unlawful sexual behavior are seen in Leviticus 18:

o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his mother (Leviticus 18:7).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his father’s wife (Leviticus 18:8).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his sister (Leviticus 18:9).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his son’s daughter (Leviticus 18:10).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his father’s brother’s wife (Leviticus 18:14).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his son’s wife (Leviticus 18:15).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of his brother’s wife (Leviticus 18:16).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter (Leviticus 18:17).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her sister while the woman is still living (Leviticus 18:18).
o A man may not uncover the nakedness of a woman during her menses (Leviticus 18:19).
o A man may not have sexual intercourse with another man’s wife (Leviticus 18:20).
o A man may not have anal sexual intercourse with another male (Leviticus 18:22).
o A man may not have sexual intercourse with an animal (Leviticus 18:23).
o A woman may not have sexual intercourse with an animal (Leviticus 18:23).
· From these scriptures, we see that a man was not to uncover the nakedness of certain people and no animals, under the circumstances mentioned above. If he did, he committed fornication.

porneia (Greek – Strong’s #4202) – “fornication”, “whoring”, “sexual immorality”, “marital unfaithfulness”, “unchastity”, and “impurity”.

· refers to whoring, whether it occurs inside or outside of marriage, but porneia is broad enough to include other forms of sexual immorality, including adultery and incest.

At the heart of it, fornication is any unlawful sexual relation or sexual behavior not condoned by YAHWAH. By its very definition, fornication encompasses adultery, but it also includes all other forms of sexual sins. The scriptures do not make a distinction between married and unmarried people, when addressing the issue of fornication.

· Ezekiel 16:26-32 – Yerushalayim is compared to a married woman, and YAH says she has committed both adultery and fornication.
· Jeremiah 3:1-8 – a married woman “committed whoring (zanah) with many lovers” and was given a certificate of divorce. Thus, fornication can be committed whether you are married or unmarried, and YAH is dealing with our sexual immorality.
· 1 Corinthians 5:1 – fornication (porneia) is used to describe a situation where a man commits incest with his father’s wife. This use of fornication or porneia is a clear example of sexual immorality or unlawful sexual relations.
· Other examples of porneia as sexual immorality, committed by a married or unmarried person, are seen in Acts 15:23-29 and Revelation 17:2-5.

Summary – Fornication is an issue of sexual immorality or engaging in any sexual behavior YAH has declared unlawful, including adultery. Fornication is committed by a man, whether he is married or unmarried, if he has sexual intercourse with an unmarried or unbetrothed woman. So, yes my sisters, YAH does prohibit our husbands from having casual sex with unmarried or unbretrothed women, without the benefit of marriage. However, should our husbands commit fornication with an unmarried or unbretrothed woman, it is fornication and not adultery. But, we wives, if we have sex with any other man, commit adultery. Is one sin greater than the other? Of course not. Does YAH give men permission to sleep around with women without being married to them? Certainly not.

So, now that we know what fornication is and is not, what does Torah say about pre-marital sex?

· Exodus 22:16-17 – And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. If her father utterly refuses to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
o In this situation, Torah requires a man, who has sex with a virgin woman that is not married or betrothed/engaged, to take her as his wife. He was required to marry her, whether he was already married or not, and pay the bride price.
o The two committed fornication and had sex without the benefit of marriage, but the act of sex or fornication did not automatically make them married.
o If the woman was not a virgin, marriage was not required under the Torah, even though it was an act of fornication.
o Also, if the woman’s father refused to give her in marriage, the man was released from his obligation to marry the woman, but was still required to pay the expected bride-price.
· Deuteronomy 22:28-29 – If a man find a damsel [that is] a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found; Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel’s father fifty [shekels] of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.
o Just as noted in the scripture from Exodus 22, we see a man has enticed or persuaded a woman to engage in fornication, and the two are found out. He is required to give her father 50 shekels as a bride price and take her as his wife, whether he is married or not.
o It is assumed that the bride’s father’s rights have been violated by what had taken place and that appropriate compensation was necessary to offset the loss of the expected bride-price.
o He is not allowed to put her away or divorce her.
o It is important to understand that the words “lay hold on” do not imply rape. If you read the preceding verses in Deut. 22:25-27 you will see the situation of rape described. A study of the Hebrew words will show that this scripture is dealing with a woman who has been enticed or seduced, and ultimately consents to the sex.
· Deuteronomy 22:13-15; 20-21 – If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate her, And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid: Then shall the father of the damsel, and her mother, take and bring forth [the tokens of] the damsel’s virginity unto the elders of the city in the gate: And the damsel’s father shall say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife, and he hateth her; And, lo, he hath given occasions of speech [against her], saying, I found not thy daughter a maid; and yet these [are the tokens of] my daughter’s virginity. And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city. And the elders of that city shall take that man and chastise him; And they shall amerce him in an hundred [shekels] of silver, and give [them] unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days. But if this thing be true, [and the tokens of] virginity be not found for the damsel: Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father’s house: so shalt thou put evil away from among you.
o In this passage, we see that, if a man marries and then decides that he hates his wife for whatever reason, he can claim she wasn’t a virgin when they were married.
o Her parents were then required to produce the “tokens of her virginity” (i.e., the bloody sheets). When the hymen of a virgin is broken for the first time, blood is generally discharged. The brides’ parents kept the bloody sheets following consummation or the honeymoon night.
o If the parents were able to produce the proof of her virginity, then the Elders of the city chastised the husband and required him to pay woman’s father 100 shekels of silver for the evil he had spoken against the woman and her family.
o However, if the parents were unable to produce the proof of their daughter’s virginity and the elders determine the woman was not a virgin on her wedding night, then the then the woman is to be stoned to death at her father’s doorstep. She brought shame on her father’s house with her whoring and YAH requires that the evil of such unlawful behavior be purged from among Ysrael.
o Again, any act of sex, prior to marriage, is whoring and fornication in the eyes of YAH. It doesn’t matter if you did it one time or 100 times.
o We must cleanse ourselves and our nation of such immoral and unlawful behavior.

What is Polygyny? What does the Torah say about Multiple Marriages?
Polygamy – the practice or condition of having more than one spouse. Polygamy includes polygyny and polyandry. (American Heritage Dictionary,
Polyandry – the practice or condition of having more than one husband at one time. (American Heritage Dictionary,
Polygyny – the practice or condition of having more than one wife at one time. (American Heritage Dictionary,
*Biblically, polygyny is simply when two or more women are married to one man at the same time. Also, biblically speaking, polygyny is the only thing permitted by the scriptures.

First, we must understand and accept that under the Old and New Covenant, polygyny was allowed by YAHWAH. While Western culture looks at polygyny as something evil or immoral, YAH’s word never speaks of polygyny is in this negative manner. YAH never required men, who engaged in polygyny to repent for having multiple wives. There are several examples of polygyny in the scriptures:
· Lamech had two wives, Adah and Zillah (Genesis 4:19)
· Esau had five wives, Judith and Basemath (Genesis 26:34), Mahalath (Genesis 28:9)
· Jacob had four wives, Leah (Genesis 29:23), Rachel (Genesis 29:28), Bilhah (Genesis 30:4), and Zilpah (Genesis 30:9).
· David had several wives, including Micah (1 Samuel 18:27), Ahinoam, Abigail, Maacah, Haggith, Abital and Eglah (2 Samuel 3:2-5). Also, YAH said through the prophet Nathan that He gave Saul’s wives to David (2 Samuel 12:8). David was already married to multiple wives, but YAH gave him more wives. YAH never punished or chastised David for his multiple wives.
· Solomon also had multiple wives. The difference between Solomon and David is that Solomon’s many foreign wives caused him to follow after their gods, and takes his hear off of YAH.
YAHWAH gave laws concerning multiple or plural wives:
· Exodus 21:10-11 – If he take him another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money. (Note: Read Exodus 21:7-11 to get the full context)
o In this scripture, YAH deals with a man, who has married his servant. Specifically, YAH say, if that man marries another wife after the servant, he is not to diminish his first wife’s food, clothing or marital rights.
o More importantly, the scripture shows the YAH not only permitted polygyny, but also gave laws governing multiple wives.
· Deuteronomy 25:5 – If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of a husband’s brother unto her.
o In this passage, YAH commands a living brother to marry his deceased’s brother’s wife, if the deceased brother dies without living children or a son.
o The marriage status of the living brother is not addressed; therefore, we do not know if this brother is already married or not. He could be single, but he could also be married.
o Regardless, he is required to marry his deceased brother’s wife and in verses 6 it says that any firstborn of this marriage is to inherit and be named after the deceased brother. (The purpose of this law was to keep land in the family and to protect young widows of child-bearing age.)
o Thus, we have a command from YAH allowing a man to engage in polygyny.
· Deuteronomy 21:10-14 – When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the YAHWAH thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive, and seest among the captives a beautiful woman, and hast a desire unto her, that thou wouldest have her to thy wife; Then thou shalt bring her home to thine house; and she shall shave her head, and pare her nails; And she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife. And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.
o Again, YAHWAH’s commands make no mention as to whether “the man is already married or not.
o A man is simply given permission to marry a woman taken captive after war and instructed on how to deal with her.
o The shaving of her head is a sign that she is no longer under the cover any former authority or person. Thus, she removes her old covering. After 30 days, she becomes the wife of the Ysraelite man and is now under his covering.
o If he consummates the marriage with sex, but then decides he does not want her, he cannot sell her for money, but must free her to go where she desires.
· Deuteronomy 21:15-17 – If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, [both] the beloved and the hated; and [if] the firstborn son be hers that was hated: Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit [that] which he hath, [that] he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, [which is indeed] the firstborn: But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated [for] the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he [is] the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn [is] his.
o This law does NOT condemn the man who has two wives.
o Rather, it instructs him on how he is to deal with the children born from his two wives.
· Leviticus 18:18 – Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to vex [her], to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life [time].
o In the scripture, YAH forbids a man to marry his wife’s sister, while his wife is alive.
o YAH could have forbidden polygyny, but He did not.
· Deuteronomy 17:14-20 – When thou art come unto the land which the YAHWAH thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me; 15Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the YAHWAH thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. 16But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the YAHWAH hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way. 17Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. 18And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: 19And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the YAHWAH his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: 20That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.
o This passage of scripture is YAHWAH’s command to the kings of Ysrael.
o In verse 17, he instructs the king to not “multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away” from YAH. Many use this verse to claim that YAH prohibited kings from having more than one wife; however, they misinterpret the scriptures. While the scripture clearly places a limit on the king, it does not keep him from having more than one wife.
o In the scripture, the king is told that he is not to increase his horses, gold, silver and wives. However, does this mean that the king could not have a few horses, gold, silver and wives? No.
§ David had at least 100 horses (2 Samuel 8:4), and in this, he did not disobey Elohim (1 Kings 15:5).
§ David had silver and gold (2 Samuel 12:30; 24:24) and he did not disobey Elohim.
§ David had at least 8 wives and 10 concubines (2 Samuel 3:14; 15:16; 1 Chronicles 3:1-9) and yet he was not disobedient against Elohim in these things, except when it came to Uriyah and his wife Batsheba.
§ On the other hand, we have Solomon, who clearly disobeyed YAH when it came to multiplying wives unto him, because Solomon’s foreign wives and their foreign gods turned his heart from YAHWAH.
§ Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3). Yet, YAH only judges him for his marriage of foreign women (1 Kings 11:1-2; Deuteronomy 7:1-4) and the idolatry, which resulted from these marriages (1 Kings 11:9-10).
§ Solomon, unlike his father King David, did not follow YAHWAH completely. (I Kings 11:6)
o Conclusion: This law only applies to kings, who were given the authority to lead the people of Ysrael. Kings were to guide the people spiritually and physically. Thus, their hearts could not be led astray after other gods. However, it is very important that we understand that kings could certainly have more than one wife and that this law did not apply to other Ysraelite men. While Ysrael no longer has a physical king, other men should certainly exercise the caution put forth in this command, to insure their hearts are not turned from YAH to idolatry.

Summary: Polygyny was allowed by YAHWAH. Throughout the old and new testament, you will not see the issue of multiple wives condemned by YAH or Yahoshua. We must understand that YAH did not condone fornication, and thus, often required a man to marry a virgin woman after having sex with her, regardless of his marital status at the time.

Another crucial point, is that the permission of the current wife or wives was not required before a man took another wife. However, should all parties be clear in their understanding of YAH’s word and perhaps discuss the matter to encourage peace and oneness in the home? Yes, in my opinion. Yet sisters, we must ask YAHWAH to purge our hearts of Western culture, thinking and selfishness. A second wife does not mean that your husband loves you any less. A second wife does not mean that you now have a slave to do all your housework and take care of the children. A second wife is a sister wife and friend. She is to be a blessed addition to your marriage and home. A multiple wife situation may offer covering to a single woman, who has no other covering or protection.

As a final point, I want to stress that this may not be for everyone’s home and marriage. However, we must gain understanding of YAH’s word on this matter so that we do not judge others whom YAH blesses with this type of family. Additionally sisters, you must gain wisdom and knowledge on this matter in the even that YAH should see fit to bless your husband and home with another wife. Many will leave their home and marriage, because of selfishness and lack of understanding. Some will leave because they think it is illegal. Please seek YAH and His word before you act on your own will.

What about Concubines? (“Concu… what?”)

Concubine – 1) a woman who cohabits with a man to whom she is not legally married, esp. one regarded as socially or sexually subservient; mistress; 2) (among polygamous peoples) a secondary wife, usually of inferior rank. (American Heritage Dictionary,

What is the Biblical definition of concubine?

piylegesh (pee-leh’-ghesh or pilegesh {pee-leh’-ghesh}) (Hebrew – Strong’s #6370) – of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour:–concubine, paramour.

What does Torah say about concubines?

1. First, we must understand that a concubine relationship was not sexually immoral or fornication.

2. Second, a concubine was considered a wife. Yes, she was married to the man. In most cases, a woman is called a concubine in one part of scripture and a wife in another. See the following examples:

o David’s 10 concubines are called his concubines and his wives, by YAHWAH. (2 Samuel 12:11; 16:21-22).
o Keturah is called Abraham’s concubine in 1 Chronicles 1:32, but his wife in Genesis 25:1.
o The Levites concubine mentioned in Judges 19 and 20 “committed whoring against him” (Judges 19:2) and left “her husband” (Judges 19:3). She is called a concubine in Judges 19:1,2,9,24,25,29; 20:4 and 5, yet at the same time, her male partner, the Levite, is called “her husband” in Judges 19:3 and 20:4. In addition, the concubines father is called the “father-in-law” (Judges 19:4,7,9), and the Levite is called the “son-in-law” (Judges 19:5).
3. Third, the difference between a wife and concubine is that the concubine was usually a servant or slave, and not free, like a wife. We see several examples of maidservants or slave women being married in scripture. In such cases, they were considered concubine-wife.
o Bilhah, Jacob’s concubine (Genesis 35:22), whom Rachel gave to him for a wife (Genesis 30:3-4), was a slave.
o Zilpah was also a slave-wife or concubine to Jacob, who was given to him by Leah (Genesis 35:26; 30:9).
4. Fourth, YAHWAH gave specific laws pertaining to the marriage of and sexual relationships with female slaves.
o Exodus 21:7-11 – And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
o Here we see that slave girls could be betrothed or married by their masters.
o YAH provided that a slave-wife was not to be mistreated, even if the man took another wife.
o A slave wife was to be treated in the same manner as other daughters-in-law.
o However, if she was put away as a wife, or mistreated, then she was free to go, but without any money or inheritance. She was only entitled to her freedom.
o Leviticus 19:20 – And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
o This law concerns a maidservant who has been engaged or betrothed (and the marriage has not be consummated) to a man, who has not been able to redeem or buy her from her master.
o If the master lies with the slave woman, she is not to be put to death as free woman would have for committing adultery (Deut. 22:23-24), because she is a slave and had no choice in the matter. The adultery is not accounted to her. However, the master was required to make an offering before YAHWAH for his adultery and fornication.
o Again, neither is put to death, because of the woman’s status.

5. Fifth, some women in scripture considered it a pleasing unto YAHWAH for them to give their servant or slave girl to their husband as a wife. Consider the following example of Leah:
o Genesis 30:9, 17-18 – 9) When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. 17) And God hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son. 18) And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.
o As we see, Leah had given Zilpah, her maidservant, to Jacob as a wife because she thought she could not bear any more children. (Genesis 30:9)
o Leah continued to pray to YAH for more sons. YAH heard her prayer and she gave birth to a 5th son.
o Leah believed that YAHWAH has blessed her with another son, because he she had unselfishly given Zilpah, her maidservant, to her husband, Jacob.
o What selflessness and strength!! Leah and Rachel both wanted to bear children for their husband and for the nation that they gave their maidservants to their husband as wives.
o While we may not be focused on building the nation of Ysrael, we must consider whether we would be willing to put aside our own selfishness to bless our husbands with children, if YAH had not seen fit to open our womb. Would you humble yourself before YAHWAH and your husband and submit to his decision to take a second wife or suggest a second wife to him?

Summary : Yes, concubines were wives and YAHWAH gave specific laws concerning the care for such wives. They were not mistresses or illicit sexual partners for men.

What about New Testament writings on the subject?
1. Yahoshua coming did not change these laws.
a. Matthew 5:17-18 tells us that Yahoshua did not come to change or destroy the law, but to fulfill it. In the Torah, YAH clearly defined lawful and unlawful sexual behavior. He further gave laws regarding multiple wives and allowed the men of Ysrael to have multiple wives without condemning them for doing so. Yahoshua did not change these laws.
b. Matthew 22:23-30 – The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh. And last of all the woman died also. Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her. Yahoshua answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
i. Wow, here it is!! A perfect time for Yahoshua to have condemned polygyny, but He does not.
ii. As we have already discussed, under Torah, if a man died without an heir, his brother was required to marry the dead man’s wife and raise the first son as heir to the dead brother. This was the law, regardless of whether the brother was already married or not.
c. Matthew 25:1-10 – Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut
i. Rather than condemn polygyny in the prior passage in Matthew 22, Yahoshua comes back and uses a polygynous based parable to make a point about being prepared for His return.
ii. Here we have 10 virgins waiting for one bridegroom. Five are ill-prepared and run out of oil to keep their lamps burning. At midnight the call of the bridegroom came, but the five unprepared virgins had no oil in their lamps. They had to leave and get some more oil for their lamps. While the five, unprepared virgins were gone, the bridegroom came and the five prepared virgins were welcomed into the marriage feast to marry the bridegroom.
iii. While the parable is used to make a spiritual point on taking heed and being prepared for Yahoshua’s return, He often used things in the Hebrew culture to make His point. Here, Yahoshua used the idea of polygyny, marriage and wedding feast, as it is something the people understood very well.
iv. Again, He did not condemn the practice of polygyny.
d. Romans 7:2-3 – For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
i. In these verses, Shaul/Paul uses the laws of Torah concerning adultery to teach us a principal concerning the law and Yahoshua. (Read the entire chapter for context.)
ii. If Yahoshua’s coming had changed the laws of adultery, Shaul would have said so. Yet, he uses this law to drive home a point regarding the death and resurrection of Yahoshua and what that should mean to us as believers.
iii. YAH established laws concerning polygyny and adultery and those laws did not change under the New Covenant.
2. The “one wife” verses in Timothy and Titus do not prohibit polygyny.
a. What are the scriptures?
i. I Timothy 3:1-5 – This is a true saying, if a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work. A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach; Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous; One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity; (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)
ii. I Timothy 3:12 – Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well
iii. Titus 1:6 – If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
b. How is “one” defined?
i. – “being or amounting to a single unit or individual or entire thing, item, or object rather than two or more; a single: one woman; one nation; one piece of cake.”
ii. Greek – Strong’s Concordance #3391 (3391. mia mee’-ah irregular feminine of 1520; one or first:–a (certain), + agree, first, one, X other.)
1. Other uses of “mia” in the New Testament, where mia is clearly intended to mean first, as in a number sequence.
a. Matthew 28:1 – (“first” day of the week)
b. John 20:19 – (“first” day of the week)
c. Titus 3:10 – (“first” and second warning)
d. Revelations 6
i. This chapter tells of the opening of the seals. In verse 1, the first seal is opened, but John says he “saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals.”
ii. However, later in Rev. 6, the remaining seals are referred to in number sequence as the second seal, third seal, fourth seal, and so on.
iii. The word used in Rev. 6:1 for one is “mia,” which clearly should be interpreted as “first.”
c. What do these 3 verses mean in light of Torah permitting polygyny?
i. First, these verses are part of the letters and not of the scriptures. The letters were written to give instruction and guidance based upon the scriptures.
ii. The three “one wife” verses only apply to overseer or bishops, deacons and elders. This advice was not given to other men in the congregation. Thus, they cannot be prohibiting polygyny in general.
iii. The verses are similar to YAH’s commands to the kings of Ysrael. YAH wanted those in position of leadership to rule and govern the people in righteousness and not be led astray by other gods.
iv. As I Tim. 3:5 states, having a family (meaning at least one wife and children), suggest that a man has the ability to rule and manage YAH’s people. If he has shepherded his own family, he can shepherd YAH’s family under the authority of the Most High.
v. Interpreting mia as “first,” rather than “one,” more properly fits within the context of Torah, which clearly allowed polygyny.
vi. Therefore, the scriptures are simply advising that the leaders and elders should be married to at least one wife or their “first wife” and not divorced.
3. The “own wife” or “own husband” verse in Corinthians do not prohibit polygyny.
a. I Corinthians 7:2 – Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband.
i. Let me start by saying that this verse does not give the woman ownership of the husband, and therefore, prevent him from having multiple wives.
ii. The husband is not the property of the wife. Scripture shows us that it is quite the opposite.
iii. This verse has two different words being interpreted as own. The two words are heautou and idios. We will examine them below.
b. How is “own” defined?
i. – of, pertaining to, or belonging to oneself or itself (usually used after a possessive to emphasize the idea of ownership, interest, or relation conveyed by the possessive); to have or hold as one’s own; possess.
ii. Greek – Strong’s Concordance
1. 1438. heautou, heh-ow-too (incl. all the other cases); from a reflex. pron. otherwise obsol. and the gen. (dat. or acc.) of 846; him- (her-, it-, them-, also [in conjunction with the pers. pron. of the other persons] my-, thy-, our-, your-) self (selves), etc.: -alone, her (own, -self), (he) himself, his (own), itself, one (to) another, our (thine) own (-selves), + that she had, their (own, own selves), (of) them (-selves), they, thyself, you, your (own, own conceits, own selves, -selves).
a. Heautou implies sole or “exclusive” ownership. Plainly stated, when this word is used, it means that one entity solely owns another entity without sharing that ownership with another.
b. Heautou is the word being used when the verse says “let every man have his own [heautou] wife”.
c. Thus, Shaul/Paul is saying let every man have exclusive possession of his wife.
d. Therefore, the husband does not share ownership of his wife with another. Consider this in light of the definition of adultery and the scriptures discussed under that section.
2. 2398. idios, id’-ee-os; of uncert. affin.; pertaining to self, i.e. one’s own; by impl. private or separate:- x his acquaintance, when they were alone, apart, aside, due, his (own, proper, several), home (her, our, thine, your) own (business), private (-ly), proper, severally, their (own).
a. Idios implies share or joint ownership of a particular thing by more than one person.
b. The original Greek word idios is more accurately translated as “proper”, rather than “own” as in most English translations.
c. This word can be understood also when applied to a legal principal called “joint and several” liability. Under this principal two or more parties share ownership interest in one thing. While the two or more people who own this thing are joined in their venture together, they can be sued separately. A person filing suit does not have to sue them jointly, because each of them has separate ownership rights.
d. Thus, idios is the word being used in I Corinth. 7:2 when the verse says “let every woman have her own [idios] husband.”
e. Shaul/Paul, in line with Torah, is saying let every woman have her proper husband or her husband whom she may share jointly with others.
f. The English language does not have one word that distinguishes between exclusive and non-exclusive ownership, therefore, the translators use the word “own.” However, we must seek out the proper meaning of words.
g. Sisters, like it or not, this is a proper interpretation of the word.
c. Examine heautou and idios in other scriptures and you will find that the explanation provided above is a more correct interpretation of the scriptures.
i. Heautou – implying exclusive ownership of the object or thing in question
1. Luke 14:26 – (“His own life”) – a man’s life belongs to him and him alone, it is not shared.
2. Romans 4:19 – (“his own body”) – a man’s body belongs to him and him alone, it is not shared
3. I Corinthians 13:4-5 – (“seek its own”) – love is not selfish is the point of these verses, as selfishness is about seeking or having that which solely belongs to you.
4. Galatians 6:4 – (“his own work”)
ii. Idios – implying shared, common or joint ownership of a thing or object
1. Matthew 9:1 – (“his own city”) – a city does not belong exclusively to just one person, but is shared
2. John 4:44 – (“his own country”) – a country does not belong to just one person, but is shared
3. Acts 2:6 – (“his own language”) – a language does not belong exclusively to one person
4. Romans 14:4 – (“his own master”) – a servant can have only one master, but the master can have many servants. Similarly, a wife can only be led and possessed by one husband, but a husband can lead and possesses many wives.
5. Jude 1:6 – (“their own dwelling”) – a dwelling is shared

Summary: When properly analyzed, the verse in I Corinthians 7:2 is more accurately saying that to prevent whoring, let every man have his own exclusive wives, and every woman her proper husband. As wives, we belong to our husband and him alone. However, our husbands, being in the place of Yahoshua, would say that my wife belongs to me and me alone. Heautou confirms that a wife or woman is not allowed to be owned by more than one husband. Idios confirms that a husband can be owned by more than one wife, who would jointly and severally, share the ownership of their husband. This interpretation is consistent with the laws against fornication.
Additionally, we must remember that neither YAH nor Yahoshua saw fit to make any changes to the laws concerning polygyny, adultery or fornication. Therefore, we must accept that Torah stands on these issues and will remain until the coming of Yahoshua and the new Kingdom, wherein there shall be no marriage.

Enjoy this poly playlist